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Organization Title

Evidence-Based Practice Results - Proven Strategies

The list of Evidence-Based Programs and Strategies used by the Governor's Office of Gang and Youth Violence Policy was complied by Peter Greenwood, Ph.D.

Strategies in the PROVEN category are generic program strategies that have been found to reduce recidivism, substance use, and/or antisocial behavior in rigorous meta-analysis.

Delinquency & Recidivism Setting Target Age Group Outcomes
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Prevention or Intervention using structured goal setting, planning and practice.

Classroom
Community
Institution

Elementary School
High School
Middle School

26% reduction in recidivism (Lipsey)
11% reduction in recidivism (WSIPP)

Behavioral Programs
Prevention or Intervention that awards selected behaviors.

Classroom
Community
Institution

Elementary School
High School
Middle School

22% reduction in recidivism

Group Counseling
Prevention or Intervention using group counseling led by a therapist.

Classroom
Community
Institution

Elementary School
High School
Middle School

22% reduction in recidivism

High School Graduation
Prevention or Intervention: graduation from high school.

Classroom

High School

21.1% reduction in recidivism

Mentoring
Prevention or Intervention using mentoring by a volunteer or paraprofessional.

Classroom
Community
In-Home
Institution

Elementary School
High School
Middle School

21% reduction in recidivism

Case Management
Prevention or Intervention using a case manager or case team to develop a service plan and arrange services for juvenile.

Classroom
Community
In-Home
Institution

Early Childhood
Elementary School
High School
Middle School
Parents

20% reduction in recidivism

Counseling / Psychotherapy
Prevention or Intervention: individual counseling.

Classroom
Community
In-Home
Institution

Early Childhood
Elementary School
High School
Middle School
Parents

16.6% reduction in recidivism (WSIPP)
5% reduction in recidivism (Lipsey)

Pre-K Education for Low-Income Families
Prevention providing high-quality early childhood education.

Classroom

Early Childhood

16.6% reduction in recidivism

Mixed Counseling
Prevention or Intervention: combination of individual, group and/or family.

Classroom
Community
In-Home
Institution

Early Childhood
Elementary School
High School
Middle School
Parents

16% reduction in recidivism

Teen Court
Intervention for juvenile offenders in which they are sentenced by their peers.

Community

High School
Middle School

14% reduction in recidivism

Family Counseling
Prevention or Intervention: family counseling.

Classroom
Community
In-Home

Early Childhood
Elementary School
High School
Middle School
Parents

13% reduction in recidivism

Social Skills Training
Prevention or Intervention: teaching social skills.

Classroom
Community
Institution

High School
Middle School

13% reduction in recidivism

Challenge Programs
Prevention or Intervention: provide opportunities for experimental learning by mastering tasks.

Classroom
Community
Institution

High School
Middle School

12% reduction in recidivism

Family Crisis Counseling
Prevention or Intervention: short-term family crisis counseling.

Community
In-Home

Early Childhood
Elementary School
High School
Middle School
Parents

12% reduction in recidivism

Mediation
Intervention where offender apologizes to victim and meets under supervision.

Community
Institution

High School
Middle School

12% reduction in recidivism

Multiple Coordinated Services
Intervention providing a package of multiple services to juveniles.

Classroom
Community
In-Home
Institution

High School
Middle School

12% reduction in recidivism

Restorative Justice for Low-Risk Offenders
Intervention using victim-offender conferences and restitution.

Community

High School
Middle School

10% reduction in recidivism (Lipsey)
8% reduction in recidivism (WSIPP)

Academic Training
Prevention or Intervention: tutoring, GED programs, etc.

Classroom

High School
Middle School

10% reduction in recidivism

Service Broker
Intervention using referrals for juvenile services with minimal role afterward.

Classroom
Community
In-Home
Institution

Early Childhood
Elementary School
High School
Middle School
Parents

10% reduction in recidivism

Sex Offender Treatment
Intervention using a cognitive-behavioral approach specifically for juvenile sex offenders.

Classroom
Community
Institution

Elementary School
High School
Middle School

9.7% reduction in recidivism

Restitution
Intervention: offender provides financial compensation to victim and/or community service.

Classroom
Community
In-Home
Institution

High School
Middle School

9% reduction in recidivism

Mixed Counseling with Referral
Intervention: supplementary referrals for other services.

Classroom
Community
In-Home
Institution

Early Childhood
Elementary School
High School
Middle School
Parents

8% reduction in recidivism

Job-Related Interventions
Prevention or Intervention: vocational counseling, job placement, training.

Classroom
Community
Institution

High School

6% reduction in recidivism

Peer Counseling
Prevention or Intervention: peer group plays therapeutic role.

Classroom
Community

High School
Middle School

4% reduction in recidivism

Diversion with services
Intervention using citizen accountability boards and counseling compared to court supervision.

Community

High School
Middle School

3.1% reduction in recidivism
 

 

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